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Supermarket Belongs to the Community

Supermarket belongs to the community. While Chef has the responsibility to keep it running and be stewards of its functionality, what it does and how it works is driven by the community. The chef/supermarket repository will continue to be where development of the Supermarket application takes place. Come be part of shaping the direction of Supermarket by opening issues and pull requests or by joining us on the Chef Mailing List.

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line (85) Versions 4.0.1

Provides line editing resources for use by recipes

cookbook 'line', '= 4.0.1', :supermarket
cookbook 'line', '= 4.0.1'
knife supermarket install line
knife supermarket download line
Quality 100%

line cookbook

Cookbook Version
CI State


This cookbook is maintained by the Sous Chefs. The Sous Chefs are a community of Chef cookbook maintainers working together to maintain important cookbooks. If you’d like to know more please visit or come chat with us on the Chef Community Slack in #sous-chefs.


Quite often, the need arises to do line editing instead of managing an entire file with a template resource. This cookbook supplies various resources that will help you do this.


  • The line resources processes the entire target file in memory. Trying to edit large files may fail.
  • The end of line processing was only tested using \n and \r\n. Using other line endings very well may not work.
  • The end of line string used needs to match the actual end of line used in the file \n and \r\n are used as the defaults but if they don't match the actual end of line used in the file the results will be weird.
  • Adding a line implies there is a separator on the previous line. Adding a line differs from appending characters.
  • Lines to be added should not contain EOL characters. The providers do not do multiline regex checks.
  • Missing file processing is the way it is by intention

    • add_to_list do nothing, list not found so there is nothing to add to.
    • append_if_no_line create file, add the line.
    • delete_from_list do nothing, the list was not found which implies there is nothing to delete
    • delete_lines do nothing, the line isn't there which implies there is nothing to delete
    • replace_or_add create file, add the line
    • filter_lines create file if the file changes
  • Chef client version 13 or greater is expected.


For more detailed information see the matching resource documentation:

Sample filters

  • after: Insert lines after a matched line
  • before: Insert lines before a matched lined
  • between: Insert lines between matched lines
  • comment: Change lines to comments
  • delete_between: Delete the lines found between two patterns
  • missing: Add missing lines to a file
  • replace: Replace each instance of matched lines
  • replace_between: Replace lines between matched lines
  • stanza: Insert or change keys in files formatted in stanzas
  • substitute: Substitute text in lines matching a pattern


  • Contributor: Mark Gibbons
  • Contributor: Dan Webb
  • Contributor: Sean OMeara
  • Contributor: Antek S. Baranski


This project exists thanks to all the people who contribute.


Thank you to all our backers!


Support this project by becoming a sponsor. Your logo will show up here with a link to your website.

Dependent cookbooks

This cookbook has no specified dependencies.

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All notable changes to this project will be documented in this file.

This project adheres to Semantic Versioning.

4.0.1 - 2021-06-01

4.0.0 - 2021-05-11

  • Greately increase the platforms we test in CI
  • Increase the minimum supported Chef version to 15.3 for unified mode
  • Remove code that was only there to support chef 12

2.9.3 - 2020-12-07

  • Add a type to the EOL property of the filter_lines resource

2.9.2 - 2020-12-06

  • resolved cookstyle error: libraries/filter_helper.rb:59:11 convention: Style/CommentAnnotation

2.9.1 (2020-09-16)

  • resolved cookstyle error: libraries/filter_helper.rb:54:17 convention: Style/BisectedAttrAccessor
  • resolved cookstyle error: libraries/filter_helper.rb:56:1 convention: Layout/EmptyLines
  • resolved cookstyle error: libraries/filter_helper.rb:56:1 convention: Layout/TrailingWhitespace
  • resolved cookstyle error: libraries/filter_helper.rb:56:17 convention: Style/BisectedAttrAccessor
  • resolved cookstyle error: libraries/filter_helper.rb:57:1 convention: Layout/EmptyLines
  • resolved cookstyle error: libraries/substitute_filter.rb:39:7 convention: Style/RedundantAssignment
  • resolved cookstyle error: libraries/substitute_filter.rb:44:1 convention: Layout/EmptyLinesAroundMethodBody
  • resolved cookstyle error: libraries/substitute_filter.rb:44:1 convention: Layout/TrailingWhitespace

2.9.0 (2020-06-18)

  • Restore compatibility with Chef Infra Client < 16

2.8.1 - 2020-06-02

  • resolved cookstyle error: resources/add_to_list.rb:10:1 warning: ChefDeprecations/ResourceUsesOnlyResourceName
  • resolved cookstyle error: resources/append_if_no_line.rb:7:1 warning: ChefDeprecations/ResourceUsesOnlyResourceName
  • resolved cookstyle error: resources/delete_from_list.rb:10:1 warning: ChefDeprecations/ResourceUsesOnlyResourceName
  • resolved cookstyle error: resources/delete_lines.rb:7:1 warning: ChefDeprecations/ResourceUsesOnlyResourceName
  • resolved cookstyle error: resources/filter_lines.rb:25:1 warning: ChefDeprecations/ResourceUsesOnlyResourceName
  • resolved cookstyle error: resources/replace_or_add.rb:10:1 warning: ChefDeprecations/ResourceUsesOnlyResourceName

[2.8.0] - 2020-03-06

  • Feature - no duplicates
  • Feature - next replace between
  • Migrate to github actions
  • Documentation fixes


  • Add new property remove_duplicates to add_or_replace resource
  • Update documentation for the default value of the replace_only property in the add_or_replace resource

[2.6.0] - 2019-12-19

  • Add the :next boundary option to replace_between
    This new options lets you replace delimited setting that extend over
    multiple lines. Adding :next to the boundary options find the next
    occurance of the search end pattern.

    Input file:
    logging = some, time, info,
    others = that;

    Desired output:
    logging = new, time, allinfo,
    others = that;

    replines = 'logging = new, time, allinfo,\ndetails;'
    filter_lines 'inputfile' do
      # :include makes sure to replace the matching lines
      # :next search for the first semicolon after matching logging =
      # The default behavior is to replace from the first match to the last
       filters(replace_between: [/^logging =/, /;/, replines, [:include,:next]])


  • Replace_between examples had typos

[2.5.0] - 2019-10-15

  • Clean up processing of add and delete from lists
  • Add processing of ends_with to delete from list
  • Add unit tests for add and delete from list

[2.4.1] - 2019-08-07

  • Rename match_insert_lines to match_insert_lines?
  • Add tests for match_insert_lines?


  • Add the replace_between filter to allow replacing all of the lines between two lines that match patterns.
  • Change the test dangerfile name to samplefile. There was a name conflict between the lint Dangerfile and the test data dangerfile that was causing some confusion.


  • Fix filter_lines to work with Chef12. The filters helper method matched the name of a resource property. Changed the name to avoid the collision.
  • Add tests for the sensitive_default method
  • Cookstyle comments


  • Fix internal documentation references
  • Bump to get a rebuild


  • Try to make the links pretty on Relative links did not translate well.


  • Add the between filter. Add lines between lines matching two patterns.
  • Add the comment filter. Allow selected lines to be changed to comments in a file.
  • Add the delete_before filter.
  • Add the replace filter. Allow selected lines in a file to be replaced by other lines.
  • Add the safe option to the after and before filter. Safe was the intended behavior.
  • Add missing tests for methods verify_kind and verify_one_of.
  • Allow inserted lines to be specified as strings. Split input strings on EOL characters.
  • Add the substitute filter
  • Add the stanza filter

[2.2.0] - 2018-10-09

  • Add the before filter method to allow lines to be inserted before a matching line.
  • Add test examples that show combining filters.
  • Add a couple tests of empty file edge cases.

[2.1.1] - 2018-10-08

  • Allow the backup option to be specified as true

[2.1.0] - 2018-09-28

  • Add the filter_lines resource
  • Add the after filter method to allow lines to be inserted after matching a line

[2.0.2] - 2018-06-29

  • Explicitly disallow embedded EOL characters in replacement and append lines

[2.0.1] - 2018-06-01

  • Tested on chef 12.13.37. Fix error caused by using the sensitive attribute. Sensitive true will always be used for chef 12.

[2.0.0] - 2018-05-19

  • Breaking change - Files are processed in memory instead of line by line. It's possible that large files that were previously updated by the line cookbook will not be able to be processed.
  • Breaking change - Drop Chef 12 support
  • Use template files instead of cookbook_file so that we get platform sensitive line endings written for testing.
  • Add windows support to add_to_list, append_if_no_line, delete_from_list, delete_lines, replace_or_add.
  • Make the processing of missing target files consistent. Add the ignore_missing property to the resources to allow a missing file to raise an error.
  • Clean up the order of some boiler plate code.
  • Create helper methods for some common resource functions.
  • Drop the OS helpers in favour os using platform_family?.

[1.2.0] - 2018-04-18

  • Add the ignore_missing option to the delete_lines and delete_from_list. Don't raise an error if the target file is missing.

[1.1.1] - 2018-04-16

  • Allow appending to an empty file.

[1.1.0] - 2018-03-26

  • Rework delete_lines to use file provider sub-resource.
  • Support matching with regexps in addition to strings with delete_lines.
  • Rework append_if_no_line to use file provider sub-resource.
  • Fix edge conditions around files-with-no-trailing-CR being fed to append_if_no_line.
  • Remove library helpers.
  • Remove the escape_regexp and escape_string methods in favour of native Regexp.escape

[1.0.6] - 2018-03-23

  • Add question mark to regular expression escape characters

[1.0.5] - 2018-02-20

  • Minor Testing updates
  • Remove custom matchers for ChefSpec. ChefDK 1 versions of ChefSpec will no longer work when unit testing against this cookbook.

[1.0.4] - 2018-01-10

  • Handle deleting items from a list using spaces as the delimeter

[1.0.3] - 2017-08-22

  • Add edge case tests for add_to_list
  • Handle the delete_lines, add_to_list, and delete_from_list resources when a missing file is specified.

[1.0.2] - 2017-07-07

  • Fix #58 Add resource locator matchers
  • Fix #59 Add resource matcher tests
  • Make cookstyle 2.0.0 fixes
  • Delete the unused minitest files
  • Clean up the file_ext inspec resource

[1.0.1] - 2017-07-05

  • Fix #53 append_if_no_line appends line always appends

[1.0.0] - 2017-06-13

  • Move cookbook to Sous-Chefs org
  • Move to using custom resources

[0.6.3] - 2015-10-27

  • Fixing Ruby and Chef deprecation warnings
  • Cleaning up tests a bit
  • Adding support for source_url and issues_url
  • delete_from_list resource

[0.6.2] - 2015-07-15

  • Catch lines missed by strict patterns
  • Add rspec tests for the replace_or_add provider. The existing chefspec tests don't step into the provider code and so don't check the provider functionality.
  • Change the Gemfile to reflect the need for berkshelf 3, chefspec v4.2, rspec 3 for the tests.
  • Update provider_replace_or_add to handle cases where the pattern does not match the replacement line.
  • Fix notification problem where updated_by_last_action was set when nothing changed.

[0.6.1] - 2015-02-24

  • Adding CHANGELOG
  • Adding ChefSpec matchers

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